Hyperlipidemia in general means elevated cholesterol and Triglycerides in a blood test. This condition in advanced diagnosis are divided into primary and secondary subtypes. Primary hyperlipidemia is usually due to genetic causes (such as a mutation in a receptor protein), while secondary hyperlipidemia arises due to other underlying causes such as diabetes. Lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities are common in the general population and are regarded as modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease due to their influence on atherosclerosis or fatty deposits in the arteries. In addition, some forms of high Triglcerides may predispose to acute pancreatitis. Control of lipids either by diet, exercise or medication is important for prevention of heart disease.